Visual Basic, .NET, ASP, VBA, VBScript
 
  Библиотека кодов  
  Интернет/Почта/Сеть  
     
  Определение имени или IP-адреса удаленного компьютера в сети  
  Прежде всего, добавьте дополнительный модуль, а также 1 элемента CommandButton.
'КОД ФОРМЫ

Private Sub Command1_Click()
'Вначале вы должны инициализировать winsock
WinsockInit
'Определение имени машины, зная ее IP-адрес
MsgBox HostByAddress("192.168.1.1")
MsgBox HostByAddress("192.168.1.2")
'Определение IP-адреса машины, зная ее имя
MsgBox HostByName("GARIK")
MsgBox HostByName("OKSANA")
'В конце работы вы должны использовать функцию WSACleanUp
WSACleanUp
End Sub

'КОД МОДУЛЯ

Option Explicit
Public Const SOCKET_ERROR = -1
Public Const AF_INET = 2
Public Const PF_INET = AF_INET
Public Const MAXGETHOSTSTRUCT = 1024
Public Const SOCK_STREAM = 1
Public Const MSG_PEEK = 2
Private Type SockAddr
sin_family As Integer
sin_port As Integer
sin_addr As String * 4
sin_zero As String * 8
End Type
Private Type T_WSA
wVersion As Integer
wHighVersion As Integer
szDescription(0 To 255) As Byte
szSystemStatus(0 To 128) As Byte
iMaxSockets As Integer
iMaxUdpDg As Integer
lpVendorInfo As Long
End Type
Dim WSAData As T_WSA
Type Inet_Address
Byte4 As String * 1
Byte3 As String * 1
Byte2 As String * 1
Byte1 As String * 1
End Type
Public IPStruct As Inet_Address
Public Type T_Host
h_name As Long
h_aliases As Long
h_addrtype As Integer
h_length As Integer
h_addr_list As Long
End Type

Declare Sub CopyMemory Lib "kernel32.dll" Alias "RtlMoveMemory" (Dest As Any, Src As Any, ByVal cb&)
Declare Function gethostbyaddr Lib "wsock32.dll" (addr As Long, ByVal addr_len As Long, ByVal addr_type As Long) As Long
Declare Function inet_addr Lib "wsock32.dll" (ByVal addr As String) As Long
Declare Function GetHostByName Lib "wsock32.dll" Alias "gethostbyname" (ByVal HostName As String) As Long
Declare Function GetHostName Lib "wsock32.dll" Alias "gethostname" (ByVal HostName As String, HostLen As Long) As Long
Declare Function WSAStartup Lib "wsock32.dll" (ByVal a As Long, b As T_WSA) As Long
Declare Function WSACleanUp Lib "wsock32.dll" Alias "WSACleanup" () As Integer

Function HostByName(sHost As String) As String
Dim s As String
Dim p As Long
Dim Host As T_Host
Dim ListAddress As Long
Dim ListAddr As Long
Dim Address As Long
s = String(64, 0)
sHost = sHost + Right(s, 64 - Len(sHost))
p = GetHostByName(sHost)
If p = SOCKET_ERROR Then
Exit Function
Else
If p <> 0 Then
CopyMemory Host.h_name, ByVal p, Len(Host)
ListAddress = Host.h_addr_list
CopyMemory ListAddr, ByVal ListAddress, 4
CopyMemory Address, ByVal ListAddr, 4
HostByName = InetAddrLongToString(Address)
Else
HostByName = "No DNS Entry"
End If
End If
End Function

Private Function InetAddrLongToString(Address As Long) As String
CopyMemory IPStruct, Address, 4
InetAddrLongToString = CStr(Asc(IPStruct.Byte4)) + "." + CStr(Asc(IPStruct.Byte3)) + "." + CStr(Asc(IPStruct.Byte2)) + "." + CStr(Asc(IPStruct.Byte1))
End Function

Function HostByAddress(ByVal sAddress As String) As String
Dim lAddress As Long
Dim p As Long
Dim HostName As String
Dim Host As T_Host
lAddress = inet_addr(sAddress)
p = gethostbyaddr(lAddress, 4, PF_INET)
If p <> 0 Then
CopyMemory Host, ByVal p, Len(Host)
HostName = String(256, 0)
CopyMemory ByVal HostName, ByVal Host.h_name, 256
If HostName = "" Then HostByAddress = "Unable to Resolve Address"
HostByAddress = Left(HostName, InStr(HostName, Chr(0)) - 1)
Else
HostByAddress = "No DNS Entry"
End If
End Function

Public Sub WinsockInit()
WSAStartup &H101, WSAData
End Sub
 
     
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